Moringa oleifera: A review on nutritive importance and its medicinal application

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fshw.2016.04.001Get rights and content
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Abstract

Moringa oleifera, native to India, grows in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. It is commonly known as ‘drumstick tree’ or ‘horseradish tree’. Moringa can withstand both severe drought and mild frost conditions and hence widely cultivated across the world. With its high nutritive values, every part of the tree is suitable for either nutritional or commercial purposes. The leaves are rich in minerals, vitamins and other essential phytochemicals. Extracts from the leaves are used to treat malnutrition, augment breast milk in lactating mothers. It is used as potential antioxidant, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic and antimicrobial agent. M. oleifera seed, a natural coagulant is extensively used in water treatment. The scientific effort of this research provides insights on the use of moringa as a cure for diabetes and cancer and fortification of moringa in commercial products. This review explores the use of moringa across disciplines for its medicinal value and deals with cultivation, nutrition, commercial and prominent pharmacological properties of this “Miracle Tree”.

Abbreviations

AGE
advanced glycated end products
ATP
adenosine tri-phosphate
BITC
benzyl isothiocyanate
RAGE
receptor for advanced glycated end products
ROS
reactive oxygen species
STZ
streptozotocin

Keywords

Moringa oleifera
Miracle Tree
Antidiabetic
Anticancer
Coagulant

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Peer review under responsibility of Beijing Academy of Food Sciences.

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