Laboratory Animal Medicine

Laboratory Animal Medicine (Third Edition)

American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine
2015, Pages 209-245
Laboratory Animal Medicine

Chapter 5 - Biology and Diseases of Hamsters

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The hamster species used as research models include the Syrian (golden), Mesocricetus auratus; the Chinese (striped-back), Cricetulus griseus; the Armenian (gray), C. migratorius; the European, Cricetus cricetus; and the Djungarian, Phodopus campbelli (Russian dwarf) and P. sungorus (Siberian dwarf). Hamsters are classified as members of the order Rodentia, suborder Myomorpha, superfamily Muroidea and in family Cricetidae. Animals in this family are characterized by large cheek pouches, thick bodies, short tails, and an excess of loose skin. They have incisors that erupt continuously and cuspidate molars that do not continue to grow ((I 1/1, C 0/0, PM 0/0, M 3/3) × 2 = 16). In 2010, it was reported that approximately 146,000 hamsters were used in research in the United States (United States Department of Agriculture, 2010).

Keywords

Mesocricetus auratus
Syrian hamster
golden hamster
Cricetulus griseus
Chinese hamster
Cricetulus migratorius
Armenian hamster
Cricetus cricetus
European hamster
Phodopus sungorus
Siberian dwarf Djungarian hamster
Phodopus campbelli
Russian dwarf Djungarian hamster
research
husbandry
diseases
proliferative enteritis
Lawsonia
Tyzzer's disease
Clostridium
Salmonellosis
Helicobacter
pneumonia
polyomavirus
parvovirus
adenovirus
papillomavirus
Sendai
PVM
LCMV
protozoa
nematodes
cestodes
mites
non-infectious diseases
amyloid
metabolic
diabetes
neoplasia

References

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