Adolescence

Adolescence

The Transitional Years
1983, Pages 284-323
Adolescence

9 - YOUTH CULTURE AND POLITICAL SOCIALIZATION

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This chapter presents youth culture and political socialization. Youth culture refers to a subculture of the larger society in which young people are the primary members. Regulatory norms, values, and attitudes of the subculture are perceived as being different from those of the larger society, and particularly from those held by members of older generations. Differences between youth culture and the rest of the culture may be because of the differences in age, or to historical contexts in which childhood and adolescent socialization took place. One major obstacle to explaining youth culture is the distinction among age effects, cohort effects, and period effects. Age effects are psychological and behavioral differences among people because of age differences. Cohort effects are differences that can be traced to different experiences by virtue of being born at different historical times. Period effects concern differences because of the events occurring at the data are collected.

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