Cover for Lakes on Mars

Lakes on Mars

Book2010

Authors:

Nathalie A. Cabrol and Edmond A. Grin

Lakes on Mars

Book2010

 

Cover for Lakes on Mars

Authors:

Nathalie A. Cabrol and Edmond A. Grin

About the book

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Book description

On Earth, lakes provide favorable environments for the development of life and its preservation as fossils. They are extremely sensitive to climate fluctuations and to conditions w ... read full description

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  2. Book chapterAbstract only

    1 - Searching for lakes on Mars: Four decades of exploration

    Pages 1-29

  3. Book chapterAbstract only

    2 - Acquisition and history of water on Mars

    Pages 31-67

  4. Book chapterAbstract only

    3 - Hydrologic provinces of Mars: Physiographic controls on drainage and ponding

    Pages 69-89

  5. Book chapterAbstract only

    4 - Heated lakes on Mars

    Pages 91-110

  6. Book chapterAbstract only

    5 - Lakes in Valles Marineris

    Pages 111-161

  7. Book chapterAbstract only

    6 - Episodic ponding and outburst flooding associated with chaotic terrains in Valles Marineris

    Pages 163-194

  8. Book chapterAbstract only

    7 - Evidence for ancient lakes in the Hellas region

    Pages 195-222

  9. Book chapterAbstract only

    8 - Deltas and valley networks on Mars: Implications for a global hydrosphere

    Pages 223-248

  10. Book chapterAbstract only

    9 - The northern plains: A Martian oceanic basin?

    Pages 249-273

  11. Book chapterAbstract only

    10 - The Western Elysium Planitia Paleolake

    Pages 275-305

  12. Book chapterAbstract only

    11 - The sedimentary record of modern and ancient dry lakes

    Pages 307-322

  13. Book chapterAbstract only

    12 - Aqueous depositional settings in Holden crater, Mars

    Pages 323-346

  14. Book chapterAbstract only

    13 - Dynamics of declining lake habitat in changing climate

    Pages 347-369

  15. Book chapterNo access

    Author Index

    Pages 371-379

  16. Book chapterNo access

    Subject Index

    Pages 381-390

About the book

Description

On Earth, lakes provide favorable environments for the development of life and its preservation as fossils. They are extremely sensitive to climate fluctuations and to conditions within their watersheds. As such, lakes are unique markers of the impact of environmental changes. Past and current missions have now demonstrated that water once flowed at the surface of Mars early in its history. Evidence of ancient ponding has been uncovered at scales ranging from a few kilometers to possibly that of the Arctic ocean. Whether life existed on Mars is still unknown; upcoming missions may find critical evidence to address this question in ancient lakebeds as clues about Mars’ climate evolution and its habitability potential are still preserved in their sedimentary record.

Lakes on Mars is the first review on this subject. It is written by leading planetary scientists who have dedicated their careers to searching and exploring the questions of water, lakes, and oceans on Mars through their involvement in planetary exploration, and the analysis of orbital and ground data beginning with Viking up to the most recent missions. In thirteen chapters, Lakes on Mars critically discusses new data and explores the role that water played in the evolution of the surface of Mars, the past hydrological provinces of the planet, the possibility of heated lake habitats through enhanced geothermal flux associated with volcanic activity and impact cratering. The book also explores alternate hypotheses to explain the geological record. Topographic, morphologic, stratigraphic, and mineralogic evidence are presented that suggest successions of ancient lake environments in Valles Marineris and Hellas. The existence of large lakes and/or small oceans in Elysium and the Northern Plains is supported both by the global distribution of deltaic deposits and by equipotential surfaces that may reflect their past margins. Whether those environments were conducive to life has yet to be demonstrated but from comparison with our planet, their sedimentary deposits may provide the best opportunity to find its record, if any. The final chapters explore the impact of climate variability on declining lake habitats in one of the closest terrestrial analogs to Mars at the Noachian/Hesperian transition, identify the geologic, morphologic and mineralogic signatures of ancient lakes to be searched for on Mars, and present the case for landing the Mars Science Laboratory mission in such an environment.

On Earth, lakes provide favorable environments for the development of life and its preservation as fossils. They are extremely sensitive to climate fluctuations and to conditions within their watersheds. As such, lakes are unique markers of the impact of environmental changes. Past and current missions have now demonstrated that water once flowed at the surface of Mars early in its history. Evidence of ancient ponding has been uncovered at scales ranging from a few kilometers to possibly that of the Arctic ocean. Whether life existed on Mars is still unknown; upcoming missions may find critical evidence to address this question in ancient lakebeds as clues about Mars’ climate evolution and its habitability potential are still preserved in their sedimentary record.

Lakes on Mars is the first review on this subject. It is written by leading planetary scientists who have dedicated their careers to searching and exploring the questions of water, lakes, and oceans on Mars through their involvement in planetary exploration, and the analysis of orbital and ground data beginning with Viking up to the most recent missions. In thirteen chapters, Lakes on Mars critically discusses new data and explores the role that water played in the evolution of the surface of Mars, the past hydrological provinces of the planet, the possibility of heated lake habitats through enhanced geothermal flux associated with volcanic activity and impact cratering. The book also explores alternate hypotheses to explain the geological record. Topographic, morphologic, stratigraphic, and mineralogic evidence are presented that suggest successions of ancient lake environments in Valles Marineris and Hellas. The existence of large lakes and/or small oceans in Elysium and the Northern Plains is supported both by the global distribution of deltaic deposits and by equipotential surfaces that may reflect their past margins. Whether those environments were conducive to life has yet to be demonstrated but from comparison with our planet, their sedimentary deposits may provide the best opportunity to find its record, if any. The final chapters explore the impact of climate variability on declining lake habitats in one of the closest terrestrial analogs to Mars at the Noachian/Hesperian transition, identify the geologic, morphologic and mineralogic signatures of ancient lakes to be searched for on Mars, and present the case for landing the Mars Science Laboratory mission in such an environment.

Key Features

  • First review on the subject by worldwide leading authorities in the field
  • New studies with most recent data, new images, figures, and maps
  • Most recent results from research in terrestrial analogs
  • First review on the subject by worldwide leading authorities in the field
  • New studies with most recent data, new images, figures, and maps
  • Most recent results from research in terrestrial analogs

Details

ISBN

978-0-444-52854-4

Language

English

Published

2010

Copyright

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved

Imprint

Elsevier Science

Authors

Nathalie A. Cabrol

Edmond A. Grin